Successful implementation of Six Sigma and lean Six Sigma is based on 10 steps. These are sequential steps that are used as roadmap for Six Sigma and lean Six Sigma implementation.
Step 1: Motivation for Implementation
Organizations must have a compelling reason for implementing Six Sigma. The successfulness of implementation of Six Sigma initiate from this step. The stronger the reason or motivation the greater the success rate of implementation. Top management should be very clear about Six Sigma and their motivation to implement it.
“Organization suffering huge quality losses. They account for more than 45 percent of our costs. Top management decide to reduce quality loss upto 10 percent”
Step 2: Selection of Six Sigma/ Lean Six Sigma
On the basis of motivation organization decide to select either Six Sigma or Lean Six Sigma. If Organization wants to reduce variations in its business process it adopt Six Sigma and if organization interested to reduce their waste and optimization their value process the best choice is Lean Six Sigma
Step 3: Selection of methodology
After Selection of Six Sigma or Lean Six Sigma organization must selects one of the implementation methodologies which best related to Organizational targets. Usually three methodologies are adopted DMAIC, DMADV and DFSS. Most frequently used methodology is DMAIC.
Step 4: Resource allocation
Resource allocation for Six sigma and Lean Six Sigma Project is very critical for overall results of the project. Resource should be sufficient for project and must be planed properly to utilize them most beneficially. Resources include Human Resources, infrastructure and financial resources.
Step 5: Training and Team Development
A well know saying is “if I give a fish to a person, he can only survive a day. But if I teach him to catch the fish, he can live for a lifetime.”
For Continuous improvements, organizations must train their team members to be powerful change agents to change organizational culture. Conduct Black Belt, Yellow Belt and Green Belt trainings, along with skilled mentors.
Step 6: Prioritize Activities
A number of activities are done in Six Sigma/Lean Six Sigma Project. It is most important to prioritize the activities with proper sequence to achieve maximum outcomes. Activities related to customers focus and critical to quality are preferred. Activities must be assessed to ensure they are meeting the expectations of the organization’s goals.
Step 7: Project Ownership
Clearly define who owns the Six Sigma or Lean Six Sigma project. Project owner should be empowered to manage all activities and teams. Selection of project owner is critical and mostly a committee decides who is most suitable in organization to own project. Project owner is responsible for outcomes of all activities.
Step 8: Measurements
By all means improvement initiates from measurements. Without accurate measurement of variation (in case of Six Sigma) or waste (in case of Lean Six Sigma) it is practically impossible to improve system. Organizations must ensure measurement system to enhance the successfulness of Six Sigma or Lean Six Sigma project. Organizations focus on key indicators rather than wasting time on maintain record of all indicators (non value indicators)
Step 9: Review meetings
A proper structure for review meeting of Project is essential to ensure the direction and pace of the project. In review meetings discussed all the barriers face in project. Find out the ways to overcome these barriers. Project performance and pace were also evaluated in review meetings and corrective decisions are made if conditions are out of control.
Step 10: Rewards and recognitions
Rewards and recognition play a valuable role in making sure team members remain satisfied in their roles. They can help build enthusiasm for the program from a top-down and grassroots level. Rewards and recognition also can help drive innovation throughout the organization.